Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Some thoughts on memory, analogy and innate grammar

Lately I've been thinking a lot about the mainstream approach to linguistic inquiry, specifically about the idea of innate grammar. Although it was the idea of innate grammar that got me interested in linguistics in the first place, and although I think it a beautiful, elegant, and startling theory, I'm not so sure it's at all true. Why? The reasons are vague and unscientific, but warrant further research. And by "research" I mean I should hunt around for what others have to say about this, because I haven't tried that hard yet! So, some reasons:

1. I'm teaching ESL to mostly Asian students. I've had some students complain that as their English improves their native language weakens. This is mostly vocabulary loss, but I've heard complaints about grammar changes as well. Under my understanding of the current mainstream theory, this should be impossible. Once the parameters are set (or however it's thought about these days) they should be set for good.

2. The longer teachers have been teaching, the worse their English gets. One teacher in particular, who's been teaching for about five years, frequently leaves out articles from noun phrases and drops objects for obligatorily transitive verbs. These are, I would say, two of the three most noticeable and common errors that even our most advanced students make. The errors in teachers' English is clearly entirely the result of exposure to Asian ESL English.

3. The third of the three most common advanced student errors is using the wrong preposition in phrasal verbs and other verbs and nouns that require prepositions to link an object. E.g. *I gave it for my friend. Often these prepositions have no "logical" connection to their use. I've noticed from reading older novels that these "meaningless' prepositions change rapidly. Couldn't this be because they are connected by memory, not grammar?

4. Adverbs. And marginal sentences in general. There are many adverbs that can be in many places in the sentence. Most interestingly, there are often marginal places as well as good and bad places. Doesn't this sound like the meaning is okay, but we just don't normally say it that way so it sounds odd? E.g. (my judgements):

* Quickly the enemy will have destroyed the village.
?? The enemy quickly will have destroyed the village.
? The enemy will quickly have destroyed the village.
The enemy will have quickly destroyed the village.
* The enemy will have destroyed quickly the village.
The enemy will have destroyed the village quickly.

5. Language change. It should be nearly impossible to language as a whole to change under (my understanding of) the current model. Change can only come as a result of the child's error in hearing or understanding. How can it be transmitted to the community as a whole? How could young working class women lead change if grammar is set in infancy? If, on the other hand, grammar is linked to familiarity, change might be driven by what we hear around us as adults.

6. I can mimic accents. Well, I'm not very good at it, but some people are. Point being, the sounds we have access to are not set in stone, even in our native languages.

At the advice of one Matt Tucker, I'm going to read some Exemplar Theory and perhaps come back with something less hand-waving. For now, just some thoughts.

40 comments:

艾維 said...

情色電影電話下載情色電影院貼片區情色電影情色電影情色線上電影情色電影性交電影免費觀賞性交電影性感女優免費電影性愛小電影性愛電影性愛網路電影性生活電影情色電影免費欣賞情色電影分享黑襪online黑澀會美眉即時通黃金傳說線上直撥黃色網路黃色網站黃色愛情小說黃色無碼黃色情色黃色動漫黃色做愛免費觀賞黃色做愛黃色俱樂部黃色限制級黑襪美女傳播經紀高雄交友俱樂部高雄交友論壇高雄交友聊天室高雄交友留言板高雄一夜情聊天室高雄一夜情留言板高雄一夜情留言版高雄正妹交友高雄成人交友高雄成人影片高雄成人免費聊天高雄成人論壇高雄成人聊天室高雄交有網路高雄人妻照

紅包 said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
睡衣 said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
friend said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
雅雯雅雯 said...

sexy girl6k聊天室尋夢園色情圖貼美女聊天室請認明aooyy com小魔女自拍正妹寫真正妹裸照正妹桌面sexav999免費影片星野亞希個人資料星野亞希t恤星野亞希t星野亞希走光星野亞希資料星野亞希裸照星野亞希寫真集 sneaker lover星野亞希寫真集 完全 copy星野亞希寫真集bt下載星野亞希三圍視訊 辣妹美女 視訊線上免費av影片台灣情網色xd成人圖區露點girl5320av一葉情貼影色網77p2p影片區utobe影片成人文學情色遊戲jp成人情人視訊聊天非常好色6 0下載正妹日報成人版成人交友人之初貼圖區avooo影音1111視訊5278論壇5278影片網85cc 免費影城

丁惠蘋 said...

Rome was not built in a day......................................................

鈺禎 said...

本土辣妹貼圖站 辣妹城人網 辣妹貼圖站自拍本土 辣妹貼圖站自拍 跟辣妹做愛短片 美國辣妹短片 性感辣妹圖 辣妹好 辣妹比基尼 日本辣妹寫真集 免費辣妹 巨乳辣妹影片 辣妹裸體影片 辣妹貼影 辣妹脫衣影片 巨乳辣妹脫衣影片 巨乳辣妹裸體影片 巨乳辣妹裸體 辣妹服務 辣妹直播服務 視訊辣妹照片 辣妹有約綜藝野球 辣妹泰正點 辣妹影片網 日本辣妹裸體 天天看辣妹 神算辣妹 辣妹情貼圖 辣妹奶奶 裸體的辣妹 藝術台辣妹有約 辣妹性感 寫真辣妹 無碼辣妹 台灣藝術台的辣妹有約 辣妹色情片 清涼辣妹自拍 辣媽辣妹後 辣妹性感照片 辣妹好色情片 辣妹圖貼區 辣妹裸體寫真 辣妹自拍照 辣妹生活照片 韓國寫真辣妹 絲襪辣妹自拍 辣妹留言版 辣妹色網 裸體辣妹照片 辣妹偷拍影片 美女短片試看av電影 美女的照片 美女爆乳 網路美女的照片 票選2009美女

Ko212ryS_Dahle0 said...

成功招引朋友,挫敗可考驗朋友........................................

財榮 said...

It's great!!..........................................

TemikaGalia25 said...

人不可以求其備,必捨其所短,取其所長......................................................

韋于倫成 said...

Gather roses while you may. ....................................................

NealVa憲妤 said...

成人 免費視訊影音觀賞 聊天網 免費h卡通 0401交友 台灣女優 性感裸體寫真 免費影片線上觀看 本土自拍偷拍露點照 免費豆豆聊天室 愛愛 情趣丁字褲 成人遊戲18禁 少女裸體圖片 嘟嘟影城85c 免費a圖a片 美眉情色網 麗的色情遊戲 一夜情短片 av383tv影片 完美女人聊天室 玩美女人影音視訊 性感熱辣美女寫真 裸睡的辣妹圖片 人妻自拍畫廊 超熟女性愛 視訊聊天 空姐免費a片 a圖網情色貼圖 寫真 85cc卡通影城 杜蕾斯成人 微風 嘟嘟 av女優777 情色貼圖片 台灣援交自拍影片 情人視訊聊天室 鋼管辣妹 免費av 洪爺性愛貼圖 大奶裸體辣妹 www.sex520.com 電話下載片 日本巨乳貼圖 性愛自拍圖貼 後宮電影院女優 限制級 0204 性愛影片觀看 內褲走光

文辰 said...

Well done!............................................................

GenaroSil伊蘭 said...

your son/daughter is so cute............................................................

jackveronic said...

若有人問你成功時會不會記得他 試問若你失敗時他會不會記得你 ............................................................

saa said...

一個人的價值,應該看他貢獻了什麼,而不是他取得了什麼..................................................

紀廷 said...

看看文章轉換心情,也幫你加個油哦

文群文群 said...

死亡是悲哀的,但活得不快樂更悲哀。......................................................................

韋以韋以 said...

良言一句三冬暖,惡語傷人六月寒。.................................................................

佳宣佳宣 said...

成熟,就是有能力適應生活中的模糊。.................................................................

戴昀德 said...

It takes all kinds to make a world.............................................................

香昱信張君林 said...

Share and share alike.............................................................

佳皓佳皓 said...

沒有經過反省的人生,是不值得活的人生..................................................

李冠文 said...

我又來看你囉~加油^^ 祝你天天順利開心..................................................................

盈廖生家秀蔡 said...

臨淵羨魚,不如退而結網。............................................................

潘凱花潘凱花 said...

來給你加油打氣,祝福大家開開心心。 ............................................................

王美妹 said...

道歉是人類一定必要的禮節.......................................................

蕙春蕙春 said...

一棵樹除非在春天開了花,否則難望在秋天結果。..................................................

李冠文 said...

人生中最好的禮物就是屬於自己的一部份............................................................

林聖瑤 said...

Lets cross the bridge when we come to it............................................................

家唐銘 said...

Quietude is the crown of life.............................................................

怡于名君 said...

鞋匠能作好鞋子,因為他只做鞋,不做別的。..................................................

文王廷 said...

Learning makes a good man better and ill man worse.............................................................

文王廷 said...

It is no use crying over spilt milk.......................................................................

红十字 said...

知識可以傳授,智慧卻不行。每個人必須成為他自己。............................................................

姿宥美岑軒英 said...

看看blog調整心情,又要來繼續工作,大家加油............................................................

國林林林林維 said...

辛苦了!祝你愈來愈好!............................................................

筱趙趙婷趙趙趙 said...

感謝大大的無私分享 讓小弟獲益良多 終於知道網上還有這麼多的好東西≧▽≦"
............................................................

王辛江淑萍康 said...

男女互悅,未必廝守終生,相愛就是美的。......................................... ........................

黃英吳思潔吳思潔邦 said...

有趣有趣~還ok的啦(。・`ω´・)......................................................